Election 1


What does election mean to you?  Let's take a quick True-False quiz.

T   â‡’ F    The Bible teaches that, from eternity, God chose those who would be saved and those who would be damned.

T    ⇒F    The Bible teaches that everyone who is called is chosen.

T    ⇒F    The Bible teaches that God chose those he knew would believe.

T    ⇒F    The Bible teaches that God chose those who would not resist him as much.

T    ⇒F    The Bible teaches that those God has chosen will get to heaven, no matter how terrible they live.

T    ⇒F    If I am one of those God has elected I can rest easy.  There is no way I can fall away from him, no matter how far I stray.

T    ⇒F    Election simply means God chose a plan of salvation, that people who believe in Jesus will be saved.  He did not choose individuals.

T    ⇒F    The Bible does not teach election.

Hold on to this page.  We'll give you the exact same quiz at the end of the month!

This is where election starts”and ends.  From eternity God, out of his grace and mercy, chose you to be with him in heaven for all eternity.  Because of this choice, you came into the world exactly when and where you did so you would hear the Gospel, have the Holy Spirit work faith in your heart, have the Holy Spirit keep that faith going strong all your life, so that, at the end, you would enter into heaven.

Does that sound like Law or Gospel to you?


As long as we approach the Bible's teaching on election in terms of Gospel, we will not go astray.  As soon as we turn it into Law, we will fall into false teaching.  You can't turn Gospel into Law.

By Grace Alone God Chose Me

Why did God choose me?  The Bible is very clear.

3 Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ. 4 For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. In love 5 he predestined us to be adopted as his sons through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will” 6 to the praise of his glorious grace, which he has freely given us in the One he loves. 7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God's grace 8 that he lavished on us with all wisdom and understanding. 9 And he made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ, 10 to be put into effect when the times will have reached their fulfillment”to bring all things in heaven and on earth together under one head, even Christ. 11 In him we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will.

Ephesians 1:3-6

Circle the words that give us the cause for God choosing you and list them below.


His pleasure

His will

To his praise



Discuss each cause in conjunction with Paul's words to the Ephesians.

This has always been the way the Lord has worked.

6 For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession. 7 The LORD did not set his affection on you and choose you because you were more numerous than other peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples. 8 But it was because the LORD loved you and kept the oath he swore to your forefathers that he brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the land of slavery, from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 7:6-8

What was NOT the reason for his choosing the Children of Israel?


Guess how many of God's Children of Israel there were when they entered Egypt.

10                              â‡’ 70                      2,097                                  144,000            2.5 million

What WAS the reason God chose the Children of Israel?

God's love.

Did the Lord choose us because we were weak and despised?

But God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise; God chose the weak things of the world to shame the strong. 28 He chose the lowly things of this world and the despised things”and the things that are not”to nullify the things that are.

1 Corinthians 1:27,28


9 [God] has saved us and called us to a holy life”not because of anything we have done but because of his own purpose and grace. This grace was given us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time.

2 Timothy 1:9


5 So too, at the present time there is a remnant chosen by grace. 6 And if by grace, then it is no longer by works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace.

Romans 11:5,6

No, there is nothing in us that would make him choose us.  It was purely in accordance with his will and good purpose.  He loved us.  This choice often would shame the wise and powerful of this world, though he would choose some who would be wise and powerful, as he saw fit.

Foreknowledge and Election

What part does God's foreknowledge play in election?  First of all, what is God's foreknowledge?  What do you think?

God knows everything.  That means he knows the future as much as he knows the past.  He knows everything.

Look at this portion of Peter's Pentecost sermon.

22 Men of Israel, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know.  23 This man was handed over to you by God's set purpose and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross.

Acts 2.22-23

What role did God's foreknowledge play in the crucifixion of Jesus?

None.  He knew it was coming and had planned for it.

Explain the conclusion of Peter's sermon if God's foreknowledge caused Jesus' crucifixion.

36 "Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.

37 When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, "Brothers, what shall we do?

38 Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. "

Acts 2.36-38

It wouldn't make sense.  If God's foreknowledge caused Jesus' crucifixion, the people would not have sinned and shouldn't feel guilty.  God made them do it.  Only if God's foreknowledge is not the cause of evil actions are Peter's listeners guilty and responsible for their actions in putting the Lord of life to death.

So, what seems to be the relationship between God's foreknowledge and what happens on earth?

There is no relationship.  God's foreknowledge does not cause his choosing, his election.

That's nice!  There is no connection between God's foreknowledge and his election.  Even though God knows everything, he does not base his choosing on his foreknowledge.

Point out the fallacies of this statement.

God does predestinate each individual to an eternal destiny, but it is based on his foreknowledge of their free response to, or rejection of, the gospel.

There is a double election, one to salvation, another to damnation.  And it is based on how an individual responds to the Gospel.  So God only elects those who will freely believe the Gospel.

But there is no way any of us can freely believe the Gospel.

But God doesn't elect those to damnation.

But God doesn't elect on the basis of anything in us.

Now we're cooking!  Oh, oh!  I stumbled across this passage.

29 For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the likeness of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.  30 And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified.

So too, at the present time there is a remnant chosen by grace. 6 And if by grace, then it is no longer by works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace.

Romans 8.29-30

I checked the Greek.  The word is the very same, prognosis, foreknew.  Hmmm. 

What does God know?


If God simply chose me, does that mean he didn't foreknow me?

No, that would mean God is not omniscient and would no longer be God.

Did God choose hypothetical individuals?

No, he chose individuals.  He chose me.

How did he know there would be a me?  I wasn't even around!

He knew I would be coming into the world.  He foreknew that.

So God's foreknowledge simply plays a role in his election because he chose me, a person he ___knew____ ahead of _time__ was going to come into the __world___. 

Is the connection in Romans 8.29-30 causal or chronological?

Chronological.  A happens and then B happens.  Paul is not looking at causality here.